Efficacy and safety of anti-CD45-saporin as conditioning agent for RAG deficiency
TITLE: Efficacy and safety of anti-CD45–saporin as conditioning agent for RAG deficiency Maria Carmina Castiello, Marita Bosticardo, Nicolò Sacchetti, Enrica Calzoni, Elena Fontana, Yasuhiro Yamazaki, Elena Draghici, Cristina Corsino , Ileana Bortolomai, Lucia Sereni, Hsin-Hui Yu, Paolo Uva, Rahul Palchaudhuri, David T. Scadden, Anna Villa, Luigi D. Notarangelo. PMID: 32387109 Background: Mutations in the recombinase-activating genes cause severe immunodeficiency, with a spectrum of phenotypes ranging from severe combined immunodeficiency to immune dysregulation. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only curative option, but a high risk of graft failure and poor immune reconstitution have been observed in the absence of myeloablation. Objectives: Our aim was to improve multilineage engraftment; we tested nongenotoxic conditioning with anti-CD45 mAbs conjugated with saporin CD45 (CD45-SAP). Methods: Rag1-KO and Rag1-F971L mice, which represent models of severe combined immune deficiency and combined immune deficiency with immune dysregulation, respectively, were conditioned with CD45-SAP, CD45-SAP plus 2 Gy of total body irradiation (TBI), 2 Gy of TBI, 8 Gy of TBI, or no conditioning and treated by using transplantation with lineage-negative bone marrow cells from wild-type mice. Flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry were used to assess engraftment and immune reconstitution. Antibody responses to 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl-conjugated keyhole limpet hemocyanin were measured by ELISA, and presence of autoantibody was detected by microarray. Results: Conditioning with CD45-SAP enabled high levels of multilineage engraftment in both Rag1 mutant models, allowed overcoming of B- and T-cell differentiation blocks and thymic epithelial cell defects, and induced robust cellular and humoral immunity in the periphery. Conclusions: Conditioning with CD45-SAP allows multilineage engraftment and robust immune reconstitution in mice with either null or hypomorphic Rag mutations while preserving thymic epithelial cell homeostasis.